**Articles & Reviews**

###### Authored by RSF Research Staff

# Study of Graphene Reveals Structure of Spacetime

Two Physicists at UCLA working with a highly conductive nano-tech material called graphene recently released a new postulate on the origin of the spin of electrons. Professor Chris Regan and graduate student Matthew Mecklenburg discovered that they could accurately predict the spin of electrons if they divided space itself into a lattice of positions interconnected by triangles.

(Image: Chris Regan/CNSI)

“An electron’s spin might arise because space at very small distances is not smooth, but rather segmented, like a chessboard,” Regan said in an interview for the UCLA Newsroom article. Graphene is a single-atom-thick layer of graphite with carbon atoms arranged in a perfect hexagonal lattice, like a honeycomb. By modeling the “empty space” around each carbon atom as being a “triangular tile” that is polarized as either “spin-up” or “spin-down,” the researchers were able to predict the spin of electrons as they moved through the graphene honeycomb with perfect accuracy. Perhaps more notably, they realized that the spin itself might arise from geometric polarities in the structure of spacetime. The hexagonal geometry of graphene (and the triangular spacial polarity it generates between atoms) mirrors the structure of the fabric of spacetime presented in physicist Nassim Haramein’s theory of quantum gravity. Haramein’s theory postulates that at the Planck scale, energy is arranged in a lattice of space-filling interconnected spheres, and the exact individual space occupied by each sphere forms a perfect tetrahedron. If you were to look at this geometry in a single layer, similar to looking at a layer of graphene, the individual space of each sphere would form a chessboard of triangles exactly like the one modeled at a larger scale by Regan and Mecklenburg. As many other researchers from Kepler to Mandelbrot have suggested, Haramein’s theory also points to a self-similarity of patterns and geometries from micro to macro scales. If Haramein’s theorized structure of spacetime is correct, the molecular structure of graphene would align with it perfectly at a larger scale. Just as Regan and Mecklenburg postulate, this may explain why tiling the space around each atom in graphene with a triangle allows such accurate predictions for the spin of the electron. In addition, it may be that this research by UCLA Physicists provides additional experimental validation for the geometry of spacetime as theorized by Haramein.

By: Adam Apollo

Read more: A complete article on the study with illustrations has been published through the UCLA Newsroom at http://newsroom.ucla.edu/portal/ucla/is-space-like-a-chessboard-199015.aspx

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