Science NewsCurated by RSF Research Staff Home > Science News > Big Bang gravitational effect observed in lab crystal An exotic effect in particle physics that’s theorized to occur in immense gravitational fields — near a black hole, or in conditions just after the Big Bang — has been seen in a lump of material in a laboratory, physicists report. A team led by physicist Johannes Gooth at IBM Research near Zurich, Switzerland, say they have seen evidence for a long-predicted effect called the axial–gravitational anomaly. It states that huge gravitational fields — which general relativity describes as the result of enormous masses curving space-time — should destroy the symmetry of particular kinds of particles that usually come in mirror-image pairs, creating more of one particle and less of another. The kinds of conditions needed to prove this unusual breakdown of a fundamental ‘conservation law’ can’t be created in a laboratory. But the researchers exploited a peculiar parallel between gravity and temperature to create a lab analogue of the anomaly in niobium phosphide crystals. “This anomaly is so hard to measure that even indirect evidence is a major breakthrough,” says team member Adolfo Grushin of the University of California, Berkeley. Inside the crystal, the effect is as if a drawerful of pairs of gloves were suddenly to acquire an excess of right-handed gloves because some of the left-handed ones had switched handedness. The result, published in Nature2, bolsters an emerging view that quantum materials — crystals whose properties are dominated by quantum-mechanical effects – can act as experimental test-beds for physics effects that could only otherwise be seen under exotic circumstances. Continue reading at: http://www.nature.com/news/big-bang-gravitational-effect-observed-in-lab-crystal-1.22338#/b1 Toroidal Plasmoid Generation via Extreme Hydrodynamic ShearNovember 15, 2017Physicists shrink plans for next major colliderNovember 14, 2017Fireworks coming out from Bose-Einstein CondensatesNovember 10, 2017A New Study Examines How Consciousness in the Universe is Scale Invariant and Implies an Event Horizon of the Human BrainNovember 9, 2017Astronomers have found a phoenix starNovember 9, 2017 Sharing is caring - please share this with your friends: Facebook Twitter If you like this content, you will love the Resonance Academy.