Articles & Reviews

Authored by RSF Research Staff

Standard Model Black Holes – Not the Devouring Monsters They Were Portrayed To Be, By 99%

A team of astronomers from UMass Amherst have observed the super massive black hole (SMBH) at the center of our galaxy with great precision, and their results indicate that only a small amount of the very hot gas in the vicinity is entering the SMBH. Most models created by astronomers of SMBHs predicted a large amount of material being consumed by the black hole, which is now observed to be incorrect. Supportive theoretical foundations in this observational error of standard model black hole theory by Nassim Haramein describe an alternative model to match recent observation.

Black Holes are not the all consuming monsters that they were thought to beCredit: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss

"In principle, super massive black holes suck in everything," Q. Daniel Wang says, "but we found this is not correct." When astronomers first began theorizing about black holes, they were expecting that the SMBH would in its nearest vicinity show the brightest emission of x-rays, and further away would be less bright, due to the focal point of matter falling in. So astronomers in recent years were surprised to find that this is not the case. Observations have now shown that SMBHs produce x-rays at a much lower intensity than expected and therefore draw in matter at much lower rates than expected. The Bondi capture rate for the SMBH at the center of our galaxy implies a luminosity nearly a factor of 108 higher than the observed luminosity.

Composite Image of the region around Sagittarius A*

Credit: X-ray: NASA/UMass/Q.D. Wang et al.; IR: NASA/STScI
"A composite image of the region around Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way. X-ray emission from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory is shown in blue, and infrared emission from the Hubble Space Telescope is shown in purple and yellow. The inset shows a close-up view of Sgr A* in X-rays only, covering a region half a light year wide. The diffuse emission is from hot gas captured by the black hole and being pulled inwards. Less than 1% of this material reaches the black hole's event horizon, or point of no return, because much of it is ejected."

Wang and a team of astronomers tested theoretical models and determined that part of the explanation can be attributed to extremely hot gases associated with a large population of young, massive stars near the center of the galaxy. They found that the black hole is unable to draw in the vast majority of the superheated gases. “The gases are too hot for the black hole to swallow. Instead it rejects about 99 percent of this super-hot material, only letting a small amount in.” He concludes, “Now we know what kind of material is getting into the black hole, though exactly how it happens is still another question.” Physicist Nassim Haramein's theories predict highly ordered and coherent geometries, especially in regions of high gravitational curvature, such as near the super massive black hole singularity at the center of our galaxy. In the seminal paper , “The origin of spin: A consideration of torque and Coriolis forces in Einstein’s field equations and grand unification theory (2005),” Haramein and Rauscher illuminate the geometry of spinning black holes, making the key point, “inclusion of torque is essential to understanding the mechanics of spacetime, which may better explain cosmological structures and potentially the origin of rotation.” They further illustrate how this new theory of Einstein’s equations including the Coriolis effect explains the coherent geometries of spacetime in the vicinity of black holes. Therefore we see how the low x-ray luminosity near the SMBH at the center of our galaxy is evidence for the highly ordered nature of the interactions between the young, massive stars and the central singularity, due to the self-organizing structure of the vacuum resulting from high spin velocities. As discovered in the paper “Scale unification: a universal scaling law (2008),” we expect to see stable self-organizing orbital geometries at all cosmological size levels, which are similar in nature to the stable structure of the atom. This self-organizing structure produces stable and yet complex orbital processes, which are understood by the researchers at UMass Amherst as “hot gas.” However as further discussed in his paper “Collective coherent oscillation plasma modes in surrounding media of black holes and vacuum structure - quantum processes with considerations of spacetime torque and Coriolis forces (2010),” Haramein understands these stable and yet complex orbital processes as high energy coherent vibrations in the structure of spacetime, which keeps most of the matter from entering the central black hole due to torque and Coriolis effects.

By: Stephen Bard

Read more: http://www.umass.edu/newsoffice/article/wang-international-team-discover-why-super http://phys.org/news/2013-08-super-massive-black-holes-consume.html http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5845

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